A presidential election is the election of any head of state whose official title is President. There
are three systems of presidential elections:
• First Past The Post (FPTP)
• Two-Round System (TRS)
• Preferential Voting
When most people think of presidential elections, they often think of awarding the presidency
to the candidate who wins the most votes. This winner-takes-all approach is called First-Pastthe-Post (FPTP). As of 2019, only 19 countries, including Ghana, implements this voting method.